tangguo

从蓝牙4.2更新到Android 4.3后,使用蓝牙SPP配置文件的应用程序无法正常工作

android

我编写了一个基于bluetoothChat的简单应用程序。我使用SPP配置文件在电话和蓝牙模块之间进行通信。电话始终会启动通信。该应用程序在使用Nexus 3和Samsung Galaxy 3的Android 4.2上完美运行。在更新至Android 4.3之后,该应用程序不再起作用。我一直保持连接状态,可以发送输出流并接收正确的数据,但是在执行第一个outputstream命令后,应用程序总是在约6秒后断开连接。如下面的logcat所示,看起来输入流上存在计时器问题。

08-23 14:10:00.726: D/mems(23193): STEVAL-MKI106V1
08-23 14:10:00.804: D/Main Activity(23193): firmware version*setdb106V1
08-23 14:10:00.812: D/Main Activity(23193): sent message*setdb106V1
08-23 14:10:00.812: D/BluetoothMEMSCommunication(23193): dans write3
08-23 14:10:00.812: D/BluetoothMEMSCommunication(23193): envoi stream
08-23 14:10:05.812: W/bt-btif(20368): dm_pm_timer expires
08-23 14:10:05.812: W/bt-btif(20368): dm_pm_timer expires 0
08-23 14:10:05.812: W/bt-btif(20368): proc dm_pm_timer expires
08-23 14:10:11.656: E/bt-btm(20368): btm_sec_disconnected - Clearing Pending flag
08-23 14:10:11.656: W/bt-btif(20368): invalid rfc slot id: 15
08-23 14:10:11.656: I/connection(23193): connectionlost

什么是dm_pm_timer?我尝试用安全和不安全的rfcom连接另一种方式。我知道蓝牙聊天尚未针对接收缓冲区进行优化,因此我对其进行了修改,并非没有效果。我也对输出流使用了flush命令,但也没有效果。

package com.meneujj.memsbtbis;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.UUID;

import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class BluetoothMEMSCommunication {

// debugging
private static final String TAG = "BluetoothMEMSCommunication";
private static final boolean D = true;


// eMotion BT h as this standard UUID
private static final UUID STANDARD_UUID = 
        UUID.fromString("00001101-0000-1000-8000-00805F9B34FB");


// Member fields
private final BluetoothAdapter mAdapter;
private final Handler mHandler;
private int mState;
private int handlerCalling;
private ConnectThread mConnectThread;
private ConnectedThread mConnectedThread;

      // Constants they indicate the current connection state
public static final int STATE_NONE = 0;
public static final int STATE_CONNECTED = 3; // now connected to a remote device

// constructor. Prepares a new Bluetooth Connection
// context The UI Activity Context
// handler an Handler to send messages back to the UI Activity

public BluetoothMEMSCommunication(Context context, Handler handler, int i) {
    mAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    mState = STATE_NONE;
    mHandler = handler;
    handlerCalling = i;

}


private synchronized void setState(int state) {
    mState = state;
    Log.d(TAG, Integer.toString(mState));
    mHandler.obtainMessage(MainActivityMemsBT.MESSAGE_STATE_CHANGE, state, -1).sendToTarget();
}

public synchronized void connect(BluetoothDevice device) {


    // start the thread to connect with the given device
    if (mConnectThread != null) {
        mConnectedThread.cancel();
        mConnectedThread = null;

    }

    // cancel any thread currently running a connection
    if (mConnectedThread != null) {
        mConnectedThread.cancel();
        mConnectedThread = null; 

    }

    Log.d(TAG,"routine connect lancee");
    mConnectThread = new ConnectThread(device);
    mConnectThread.start();

}


private void ConnectionLost() {
    // Send a failure message back to the activity
    Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(MainActivityMemsBT.CONNECTION_LOST_MESSAGE);
    Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
    bundle.putString(MainActivityMemsBT.TOAST_CONNECTION_LOST, "Device connection was lost");
    msg.setData(bundle);
    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
    Log.i("connection","connectionlost");

    setState(STATE_NONE);
    StopAllThreads();

}



public synchronized void StopAllThreads() {

    if (mConnectThread != null) {
        mConnectThread.cancel();
        mConnectThread = null;
    }

    if (mConnectedThread != null) {
        mConnectedThread.cancel();
        mConnectedThread = null;

    }

setState(STATE_NONE);

}

public synchronized void connected(BluetoothSocket socket, BluetoothDevice device, final String socketType) {

    // cancel the thread they completed the connection
    if (mConnectThread != null) {
        mConnectThread.cancel();
        mConnectThread = null;
    }

    // Cancel any thread currently running a connection
    if (mConnectedThread != null) {
        mConnectedThread.cancel();
        mConnectedThread = null;

    }


    // Start the thread to manage the connection and perform transmission
    mConnectedThread = new ConnectedThread(socket, socketType);
    mConnectedThread.start();

    // Send the name of the connected device back to the UI activity
    Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(MainActivityMemsBT.MESSAGE_DEVICE_NAME);
    Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
    bundle.putString(MainActivityMemsBT.DEVICE_NAME, device.getName());
    msg.setData(bundle);
    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);      

    setState(STATE_CONNECTED);

}


      public void write(byte[] out) {
// create temporary object
ConnectedThread r;

Log.d(TAG,"dans write" + Integer.toString(mState));

// synchronize a copy of the ConnectedThread
synchronized (this) {

    if (handlerCalling == 2) setState(STATE_CONNECTED);

    if (mState != STATE_CONNECTED) {
        Log.d(TAG, "different de STATE_CONNECTED");
        Log.i(TAG, Integer.toString(handlerCalling));
        return;}

    r= mConnectedThread;
}

r.write(out);

   }

有办法解决吗?或我的代码中有任何明显的错误

谢谢

// Thread runs while attempting to an an outgoing connection with a device.
// it runs straight through; the connection either succeeds or fails.
private class ConnectThread extends Thread {

    private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket;
    private final BluetoothDevice mmDevice;
    private String mSocketType;

    public ConnectThread(BluetoothDevice device) {
        mmDevice = device;
        BluetoothSocket tmp = null;

        try {
        tmp = device.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(STANDARD_UUID);
            //tmp = device.createInsecureRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(STANDARD_UUID);

/*          try {
                Method m = device.getClass().getMethod("createRfcommSocket", new Class[] {int.class});
                try {
                    tmp = (BluetoothSocket) m.invoke(device, 1);
                } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } */

        } catch (IOException e) {

        }
        mmSocket = tmp;

    }

    public void run () {

        setName("ConnectThread" + mSocketType);
        mAdapter.cancelDiscovery();

        try {
            mmSocket.connect();
        } catch (IOException e) {

            try {
                mmSocket.close();
            } catch (IOException e2) {
                Log.e(TAG, "unable to close() " + mSocketType + "socket during connection failure", e2);
            }

        return; 
        }

    // reset the CoonectThread because the job is over
    synchronized (BluetoothMEMSCommunication.this) {
        mConnectThread = null;
        }

    connected(mmSocket, mmDevice, mSocketType);

    }

    public void cancel() {
        try {
            mmSocket.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {

        }
    }

      // close connectThread class      
}


     private class ConnectedThread extends Thread {

private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket;
private final InputStream mmInStream;
private final OutputStream mmOutStream;

public ConnectedThread(BluetoothSocket socket, String socketType) {

    mmSocket = socket;
    InputStream tmpIn = null;
    OutputStream tmpOut = null;

    try {
        tmpIn = socket.getInputStream();
        tmpOut = socket.getOutputStream();

    } catch (IOException e) {
        ConnectionLost();

    }

    mmInStream = tmpIn;
    mmOutStream = tmpOut;

}

//  Thread to listen to input sockets

public void run() {

    Log.i(TAG, "Begin mConnectedThread");

    byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
//  int bytes;
    int bytesRead = -1;
    String message = "";

    // keep listening to the InputStream while connected
    while(true) {


            try {

                // read from the input stream
            //  bytesRead = mmInStream.read(buffer);
        //      message = message+ new String(buffer, 0, bytesRead);

            //  byte[] byteString = message.getBytes();

                Log.i("info","pret a faire read");
                bytesRead = mmInStream.read(buffer, 0, 1024);

                if (bytesRead != -1 && handlerCalling == 1) {
                mHandler.obtainMessage(MainActivityMemsBT.MESSAGE_READ, bytesRead, -1, buffer).sendToTarget(); }

                if (bytesRead !=-1 && handlerCalling == 2) {
                    mHandler.obtainMessage(DemoAccelerometer.MESSAGE_READ, bytesRead, -1, buffer).sendToTarget(); }

                }

             catch (IOException e) {

                 ConnectionLost();
                break;
            }


            }

        }


public void write(byte[] buffer) {

    try{
        mmOutStream.write(buffer);

//      if (handlerCalling == 1) {
//      mHandler.obtainMessage(MainActivityMemsBT.MESSAGE_WRITE, -1, -1, buffer).sendToTarget();
        Log.d(TAG,"envoi stream");

    //  mmOutStream.flush();
//      }

    } catch (IOException e) {

    }

}

public void cancel() {
    try{
        mmSocket.close();
    } catch (IOException e) {

    }
}

   }

    }

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2020-11-19

共1个答案

小编典典

从Android 4.2升级到4.3后,当从我们的Nexus 4应用与外部蓝牙ECG(医疗设备)进行通信时,我们可以在6秒后确认蓝牙断开连接。这种情况特别发生在ECG测量中,其中包含大量入站数据(从ECG到Android应用),但没有出站数据。似乎不时会与某些入站和出站数据进行“正常”蓝牙通信。

6秒后,我们将看到JJM报告的相同adb日志消息

dm_pm_timer expires
dm_pm_timer expires 0
proc dm_pm_timer expires
btm_sec_disconnected - Clearing Pending flag

Android端的计时器到期会触发外部蓝牙ECG上的某些事件(关闭输出流,因为没有出站数据?),这反过来又发送了我们在输入流上收到的ECG特定命令,而在Android 4.2的Nexus 4上却从未收到过。

更改Android应用程序的实现以偶尔向ECG发送任意的“保持活动”命令即可解决此问题。计时器到期时间不再显示在adb日志中,ECG测量现在的行为与Android 4.2相同。

感谢JJM的提示。

2020-11-19

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