小编典典

jQuery,Spring MVC @RequestBody和JSON-使之协同工作

json

我想要双向JSON到Java的序列化

我正在 成功 使用Java到JSON到jQuery的路径…(@ResponseBody)例如

@RequestMapping(value={"/fooBar/{id}"}, method=RequestMethod.GET)
     public @ResponseBody FooBar getFooBar(
            @PathVariable String id,
            HttpServletResponse response , ModelMap model) {
        response.setContentType("application/json");
...
}

在JQuery中,我使用

$.getJSON('fooBar/1', function(data) {
    //do something
});

很好用 (例如,感谢所有回答者,注释已经可以使用了)

但是,我该如何做 反向 路径:是否已使用RequestBody将JSON序列化回Java对象?

无论我尝试什么,我都无法像这样工作:

@RequestMapping(value={"/fooBar/save"}, method=RequestMethod.POST)
public String saveFooBar(@RequestBody FooBar fooBar,
        HttpServletResponse response , ModelMap model) {

  //This method is never called. (it does when I remove the RequestBody...)
}

我已经正确配置了Jackson(它在出局时进行序列化),并且我将MVC设置为当然驱动的注释

我该如何运作?有可能吗?还是Spring / JSON / JQuery是单向(out)?


更新:

我改变了杰克逊的设置

<bean id="jsonHttpMessageConverter"
    class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" />

<!-- Bind the return value of the Rest service to the ResponseBody. -->
<bean
    class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
    <property name="messageConverters">
        <util:list id="beanList">
            <ref bean="jsonHttpMessageConverter" />
<!--            <ref bean="xmlMessageConverter" /> -->              
        </util:list>
    </property>
</bean>

给(几乎类似的)建议

<bean id="jacksonMessageConverter"
    class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter"></bean>
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
        <property name="messageConverters">
            <list>
                <ref bean="jacksonMessageConverter" />
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

而且似乎可行!我不知道这个技巧到底是什么,但是它起作用了…


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2020-07-27

共1个答案

小编典典

我很确定你只需要注册
MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter

(最简单的方法是通过<mvc:annotation-driven />XML或@EnableWebMvcJava来实现

看到:


这是一个工作示例:

Maven POM

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion><groupId>test</groupId><artifactId>json</artifactId><packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version><name>json test</name>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency><!-- spring mvc -->
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId><artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId><version>3.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency><!-- jackson -->
            <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId><artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId><version>1.4.2</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build><plugins>
            <!-- javac --><plugin><groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId><artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>2.3.2</version><configuration><source>1.6</source><target>1.6</target></configuration></plugin>
            <!-- jetty --><plugin><groupId>org.mortbay.jetty</groupId><artifactId>jetty-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>7.4.0.v20110414</version></plugin>
    </plugins></build>
</project>

在文件夹src / main / webapp / WEB-INF中

web.xml

<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
    version="2.4">
    <servlet><servlet-name>json</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>json</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

json-servlet.xml

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:mvc-context.xml" />

</beans>

在文件夹src / main / resources中:

mvc-context.xml

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

    <mvc:annotation-driven />
    <context:component-scan base-package="test.json" />
</beans>

在文件夹src / main / java / test / json中

TestController.java

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/test")
public class TestController {

    @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.POST, value = "math")
    @ResponseBody
    public Result math(@RequestBody final Request request) {
        final Result result = new Result();
        result.setAddition(request.getLeft() + request.getRight());
        result.setSubtraction(request.getLeft() - request.getRight());
        result.setMultiplication(request.getLeft() * request.getRight());
        return result;
    }

}

Request.java

public class Request implements Serializable {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1513207428686438208L;
    private int left;
    private int right;
    public int getLeft() {return left;}
    public void setLeft(int left) {this.left = left;}
    public int getRight() {return right;}
    public void setRight(int right) {this.right = right;}
}

Result.java

public class Result implements Serializable {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = -5054749880960511861L;
    private int addition;
    private int subtraction;
    private int multiplication;

    public int getAddition() { return addition; }
    public void setAddition(int addition) { this.addition = addition; }
    public int getSubtraction() { return subtraction; }
    public void setSubtraction(int subtraction) { this.subtraction = subtraction; }
    public int getMultiplication() { return multiplication; }
    public void setMultiplication(int multiplication) { this.multiplication = multiplication; }
}

您可以通过mvn jetty:run在命令行上执行,然后发送POST请求来测试此设置:

URL:        http://localhost:8080/test/math
mime type:  application/json
post body:  { "left": 13 , "right" : 7 }

我使用了海报Firefox插件来执行此操作。

响应如下所示:

{"addition":20,"subtraction":6,"multiplication":91}
2020-07-27